Video Graphics Array
VGA is a video display standard introduced by IBM around
1987.  It became popular a couple of years later when
low-cost non-IBM versions became available.

It supports the CGA and EGA standards but improves upon
them by adding higher resolution in graphics modes.

Text: 16 colors; 40- and 80-columns by 25-lines
40- and 80-columns by 43-lines
40- and 80-columns by 50-lines
Graphics: 16 colors; 640x480 (max)
Graphics: 256 colors; 320x200
  TECH Help! covers programming aspects of the VGA in
detail.  See VGA in the Index.
  "Super VGA" provides additional screen resolutions.
Look for SVGA and VESA in the Index.